Chemists have described how computational algorithms paired with chemical DNA synthesis enable digital manufacturing of biological systems up to the size of entire microbial genomes. They have made insights related to the design, building and testing of a computer-generated bacterial genome and can discuss how algorithms simplify the synthesis of genomes to advance understanding of living systems.
|Low-cost 'smart' diaper can notify caregiver when it's wet|
Researchers have developed a ''smart'' diaper embedded with a moisture sensor that can alert a caregiver when a diaper is wet. When the sensor detects dampness in the diaper, it sends a signal to a nearby receiver, which in turn can send a notification to a smartphone or computer.
|Researchers devise approach to reduce biases in computer vision data sets|
Addressing problems of bias in artificial intelligence, computer scientists have developed methods to obtain fairer data sets containing images of people. The researchers propose improvements to ImageNet, a database of more than 14 million images that has played a key role in advancing computer vision over the past decade.
|Skyrmions like it hot: Spin structures are controllable even at high temperatures|
Researchers who had previously demonstrated the use of new spin structures for future magnetic storage devices has yet achieved another milestone. The international team is working on structures that could serve as magnetic shift registers, so called racetrack memory devices. This type of storage promises low access times, high information density, and low energy consumption.
|Computer-based weather forecast: New algorithm outperforms mainframe computer systems|
The exponential growth in computer processing power seen over the past 60 years may soon come to a halt. Complex systems such as those used in weather forecast, for example, require high computing capacities, but the costs for running supercomputers to process large quantities of data can become a limiting factor. Researchers have recently unveiled an algorithm that can solve complex problems with remarkable facility -- even on a personal computer.
|Storytelling can reduce VR cybersickness|
A storyline with emotionally evocative details can reduce virtual reality cybersickness for some people, according to a new study. Researchers found that storylines that provide context and details can help users feel immersed in VR experiences and can reduce feelings of nausea, disorientation and eye strain, depending on a user's gaming experience.
|Making the internet more energy efficient through systemic optimization|
Researchers recently completed a 5-year research project looking at how to make fibre optic communications systems more energy efficient. Among their proposals are smart, error-correcting data chip circuits, which they refined to be 10 times less energy consumptive.
|'Multitasking' AI tool to extract cancer data in record time|
To better leverage cancer data for research, scientists are developing an artificial intelligence (AI)-based natural language processing tool to improve information extraction from textual pathology reports. In a first for cancer pathology reports, the team developed a multitask convolutional neural network (CNN) -- a deep learning model that learns to perform tasks, such as identifying key words in a body of text, by processing language as a two-dimensional numerical dataset.
|Software updates slowing you down?|
We've all shared the frustration -- software updates that are intended to make our applications run faster inadvertently end up doing just the opposite. These bugs, dubbed in the computer science field as performance regressions, are time-consuming to fix since locating software errors normally requires substantial human intervention.
|Deep learning can fool listeners by imitating any guitar amplifier|
A study demonstrates that digital simulations of guitar amplifiers can sound just like the real thing. The implications are that as the software models continue to improve, they can replace traditional analogue guitar amplifiers, which are bulky, fragile and expensive.
|Artificial atoms create stable qubits for quantum computing|
Quantum computing researchers have made improved qubits by exploiting concepts from high school chemistry.
|DNA-like material could bring even smaller transistors|
A material shaped like a one-dimensional DNA helix might further push the limits on a transistor's size. The material comes from a rare earth element called tellurium.
|New technology could help solve AI's 'memory bottleneck'|
Electrical engineers have developed a new magnetic memory device that could potentially support the surge of data-centric computing, which requires ever-increasing power, storage and speed.
|Engineers mix and match materials to make new stretchy electronics|
A new process may be the key to manufacturing flexible electronics with multiple functionalities in a cost-effective way.
|Apps could take up less space on your phone, thanks to new 'streaming' software|
New software 'streams' data and code resources to an app from a cloud server when necessary, allowing the app to use only the space it needs on a phone at any given time.